The Novel Coronavirus - Israel Ministry of Health

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דיווח על הפרת צו בידוד דיווח עצמי על בידוד בית - מגע עם חולה דיווח על הפרת צו בידוד בית
Home quarantine questionnaire
for travelers from the specified locations
Home quarantine questionnaire
for people who had close contact
with a confirmed patient (Hebrew)
Home Quarantine Violation (Hebrew)

 

新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎通知 – 近期14天内去过中国的人(Guidance for travelers from mainland China in the last 14 days)

 

The Ministry of Health Hotline *5400 is available between 08:00 through 21:00 for questions about the novel coronavirus. 

 

You can report a violation of the Home Quarantine Decree in the links above and below.

 

February 23 2020 - A message about the tourist group from South Korea

Following recent events, several decisions have been made: 

  1. Any individual who had close contact with the tourist group must be placed under a 14-day home quarantine from the latest time of contact with the group.
  2. Any individual who has been in South Korea or Japan in the last 14 days must be placed under a 14-day home quarantine from the time he/she left these places, in addition to travelers from China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, and Thailand.
  3. Starting Monday morning, entry will be denied of non-residents or non-citizen who visited South Korea and Japan in the past 14 days.
  4. Anyone who has been in Taiwan, Italy, or Australia in the last 14 days and develops symptoms of illness, needs to follow the Ministry's guidance and get a medical evaluation.

For the full press release

 


Guidance for Travelers From Mainland China, Thailand, Singapore, Hong Kong, Macau, South Korea, or Japan

 

Travelers from these locations must be placed under a 14-day home quarantine.

The Ministry of Health mandates a 14-day home quarantine of all travelers who have visited the locations listed above in the last 14 days for any duration. Avoid public places, including but not limited to educational establishments, workplaces, public transportation, recreation and shopping centers, medical centers and healthcare clinics for 14 days from the time you left said locations (hereinafter: the incubation period).

Since February 16 2020 12:00, all travelers from Thailand, Hong Kong, Singapore and Macau must be placed under home quarantine. The quarantine requirement does not apply to travelers who only had a connecting flight from these locations.

In case of fever 38C (100.4F) or higher, cough, trouble breathing, or other respiratory symptom within 14 days from the time you left these locations or after close contact with a confirmed patient, contact MDA Hotline - dial 101. Do not go to an HMO clinic or emergency services. If necessary, a paramedic will come over to take lab specimens and consider therapy with the advice of a medical doctor.

Home Quarantine Questionnaire

The People's Health Decree 2020 (The 2019 Novel Coronavirus ) (Home Quarantine) (Temporary Legislation)(Hebrew)  mandates a 14-day home quarantine to any traveler from China, Thailand, Hong Kong, Singapore, Macau, South Korea, or Japan in the last 14 days prior to arrival in Israel or on any individual who had close contact with a confirmed patient in the last 14 days, and requires sending a questionnaire about the home quarantine.

Close contact is defined as being within approximately 2 meters (6 feet) of a COVID-19 case for more than 15 minutes.

What home quarantine questionnaire should you fill out?

  • Travelers from the places listed above should fill out and send this questionnaire;
  • People who had close contact with a patient should fill out and send this questionnaire (Hebrew); or
  • Call the Ministry of Health Hotline at *5400.

Temporary legislation for a general sick leave letter for home-quarantined employees (Hebrew)

Work absence during the incubation period shall be considered an absence from work due to illness,on condition that proof is submitted to certify the date of departure from the specified locations (according to the date). Click for a general statement of illness (Hebrew). Do not ask your attending physician to issue a statement of illness for this absence.

On the 15th day from the time you left the relevant location, and if no symptoms have developed, you may return to work and resume your normal activities.


Guidance for travelers from Taiwan, Australia or Italy

 

Any person who has one of the following symptoms: fever 38C (100.4F) or higher, cough, trouble breathing, or any other respiratory symptom should contact MDA Hotline - dial 101. Do not go to an HMO clinic or emergency services. If necessary, a paramedic will come over to take lab specimens and consider therapy with the advice of a medical doctor.


Guidance for Any Person Who Had Close Contact With a Confirmed Patient

In case of fever 38C (100.4F) or higher, cough, trouble breathing, or other respiratory symptom within 14 days after close contact with a confirmed patient, contact MDA Hotline - dial 101. Do not go to an HMO clinic or emergency services. If necessary, a paramedic will come over to take lab specimens and consider therapy with the advice of a medical doctor.

Non-residents and non-citizens who visited South Korea or Japan in the last 14 days are denied entry to Israel.


FAQs

The coronavirus belongs to a large family of viruses identified as the cause of certain animal diseases and can cause disease in humans, too.

The name 'coronavirus' refers to their resemblance to a crown (corona in Latin) when viewed in an electron microscope. The severity of human illness depends on the particular virus strand of this family and ranges between mild ailment, such as a cold, up to a serious disease that can negatively affect the lungs and lead to multiple organ failure, such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

The novel coronavirus had not been previously identified as a cause of disease in humans.

In December 2019, it was identified as the pathogen causing a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan, Hubei province, central mainland China, and later on, it was found to spread to all provinces of mainland China as well as internationally. In terms of its genetic makeup, the SARS virus, which was the cause of severe morbidity in 2003/4, is the most similar to the novel virus in China among all other coronaviruses that cause human morbidity.

 

On 11.2.20, the World Health Organization decided on an official name for the virus - SARS-CoV-2, and the disease it causes - COVID-19.

The vast majority of the index patients worked or visited Wuhan's live animal and seafood market. This is why it was thought that there was animal-to-person spread. The animal causing the infection has not been identified with certainty. Person-to-person spread of the virus has been identified; infection probably occurs upon exposure to respiratory secretions when sneezing or coughing. How contagious the infection is remains unclear, but it appears to be like the flu. People can most likely infect others before symptoms appear - this is known to occur in other viral infections.

The symptoms of the infection caused by the novel coronavirus are similar to those of influenza: fever, cough, shortness of breath, and respiratory distress.

In a medical evaluation, it is not possible to distinguish between a coronavirus infection and other respiratory diseases.

The infection might lead to acute pneumonia, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), renal failure and can be fatal. The percentage of severe cases is not yet known.

The clinical knowledge concerning the new disease is not yet complete. The data coming out of mainland China indicate that the disease is benign in most cases. Up to 20% of the diagnosed patients develop complications and the mortality rate is approximately 2% of the patients. It is probable that not all those infected in China had a medical evaluation, and that some have not been diagnosed. It is not clear what the risk factors of a severe illness are. Currently, available information suggests that the illness is more severe among older adults and people with an impaired immune system or chronic diseases, such as diabetes or a cardiovascular disease.

The infection is diagnosed with a laboratory test of respiratory secretions. Only people suspected of exposure to the virus, who develop symptoms, are referred to the test. Only the medical center attending physician can send specimens for testing after the Ministry of Health District Physician permitted such a test.

No, this is not possible.

There is currently no specific treatment for the novel coronavirus infection. People infected with the coronavirus receive supportive care; medical care is given according to the patient's medical condition.

There is no antiviral vaccine. Several groups around the world are attempting to develop a vaccine, yet an effective vaccine is not expected any time soon.

The Ministry of Health and Ministry of Foreign Affairs recommend that travelers avoid all travel to mainland China and South Korea. Do not travel to Hubei Province and Wuhan City.

If you are mainland China or South Korea, we recommend that you:

  • Keep being updated with the current spread of the infection to other cities in these locations, and local authorities guidance;
  • Avoid contact with live or dead animals, and avoid animal markets;
  • Avoid close contact with anyone with an acute respiratory illness;
  • Make sure to cough and sneeze into your elbow;
  • Frequently wash your hands by using soap and water or an alcohol-based sanitizer, clean hands especially after coughing and sneezing, and after close contact with a patient or surfaces; and
  • Avoid nonessential visits to healthcare facilities.

It is recommended to reconsider any nonessential travels to Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Japan, Thailand, Singapore, Italy and Australia. In any event, keep being updated with the morbidity in the area and follow the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and local authority's guidance at each destination. If you do decide to travel, make sure to follow the health guidance recommended to travelers to mainland China and South Korea during your travel.

There is currently no need to avoid travel to other destinations, but this may change and the guidance of the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and local authorities in each destination may vary according to developments. It is recommended to keep being updated.

The following table presents the required conduct based on the place from which the person returned, health status and the period that passed since the return.

Health status

 

Where you returned from

​No symptoms

​Fever or cough or respiratory symptoms within 14 days from the time you left the location

​Any other medical issue that shows during the 14 days from the time you left the location

​Mainland China, South Korea
applicable to connecting flights

​​Home quarantine for 14 days since the time you left the relevant place.
Law mandates you to be placed under home quarantine and send a questionnaire.

Call the MDA Hotline (dial 101).*

 

Complete the quarantine period in any event (14 days at home or in a medical center)

​ ​

​Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Thailand (anyone who arrived in Israel since 16.2.20)
not applicable to connecting flights, and if you didn't leave the airport

Japan
Not applicable to connecting flights, and if you didn't leave the airport

​Taiwan, Italy, Australia
Not applicable to connecting flights, and if you didn't leave the airport

​Regular activity

Call the MDA Hotline (dial 101)

​You may seek medical care as normal

​Other locations

​Regular activity

You may seek medical care as normal

​ ​ ​*If necessary, contact the HMO general practitioner or emergency services and take the following precautions:

  • Call ahead, mention the symptoms and when you returned to Israel;
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a facemask or any other available cloth;
  • Avoid public transportation (buses, trains, taxis, etc.); and
  • Upon entry to a medical facility, tell the receptionist or attending nurse of your symptoms and which location listed above you visited in the last 14 days before symptoms appeared.

Those who have been in close contact with a confirmed patient must be placed under home quarantine in line with given guidance and are legally required to notify the Ministry of Health by sending the online questionnaire or calling the Ministry of Health Hotline *5400. Furthermore, they must call their general practitioner or HMO Hotline to be advised. If it is determined they indeed had close contact, they must follow the guidance for travelers from mainland China (see the table above).

  1. The Ministry of Health is investigating each and every close contact case. If a person had close contact, this person must be placed under home quarantine in line with given guidance and this person is legally required to send the online home quarantine questionnaire to the Ministry of Health or to call the Ministry of Health Hotline *5400. If symptoms show, seek medical care in accordance with the Ministry of Health's guidance. If you are not sure whether there was close contact, call the MDA hotline - dial 101 for medical advice.
  2. Any person who does not satisfy the definition of close contact with a confirmed patient or group is not required to be placed under home quarantine, but must stay alert of symptoms (fever 38C (100.4F) or higher, cough or other respiratory symptoms). If such symptoms show, seek medical care in accordance with the Ministry's guidance. If you are not sure whether there was close contact, call the MDA hotline - dial 101 for medical advice.

The risk of becoming infected with the novel coronavirus as a result of contact with a healthy person who had contact with a confirmed patient is very low. You may resume normal daily activities, and you do not need to be placed under home quarantine.

The purpose of home quarantine is to slow the spread of the disease into Israel and to prevent infection. It can be accomplished by avoiding public places and protecting other household members. The Ministry of Health Director General Decree mandates a 14 day home quarantine from the time you left mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Thailand, Japan or South Korea or from the last contact with a confirmed patient. According to law, you must notify the Ministry of Health that you were placed under home quarantine by sending the online questionnaire or by calling the Ministry of Health Hotline *5400.

Guidance for the person under quarantine:

  • Stay indoors;
  • Stay in a separate, well-ventilated room with a closed door. Exiting the room will only be when absolutely necessary, and only for very short periods while covering the mouth and nose with a facemask. Several individuals of the same household can be quarantined together in the same room. If all household members require quarantine, there is no restriction;
  • Wash hands with soap and water or disinfect them with appropriate alcohol-based sanitizer before and after food preparation, before eating, and before and after using the toilet. Washing with soap and water is preferred over sanitizer, if hands are visibly soiled. It is preferable to use disposable paper for hand drying;
  • If available, use separate toilet;
  • Keep mouth and nose covered when sneezing or coughing, preferably into a disposable tissue or sleeve. This is to prevent the virus from spreading. Immediately afterwards, wash hands with soap and water or disinfect them with alcohol-based sanitizer; and
  • If fever or respiratory symptoms appear, or any other medical condition, call a clinic or your healthcare insurance (HMO – 'Kupat Holim'). If necessary, you can contact the HMO general practitioner or emergency services, but call ahead and mention that a patient who visited mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Thailand, Japan or South Korean is about to arrive. If you go to a medical facility, cover your nose and mouth with a facemask or any other cloth, and avoid public transportation.

 

General guidance:

  • There should be only one person who enters and exits the room of the isolated person, this person should be a healthy person with no other diseases which might further increase their risk;
  • No home visitors are allowed;
  • Check that the common areas in the home such as the kitchen and the bathroom are well ventilated;
  • Upon entering the quarantine space, cover your mouth and nose, preferably with a facemask, cloth is also possible;
  • Use disposable products such as gloves when exposed to the quarantined person and the home quarantine space, including dirty surfaces, clothes or beddings;
  • Avoid direct contact with body fluids, especially oral secretions, airway secretions, urine and feces of the quarantined person;
  • Wash hands with soap and water or disinfect them with appropriate alcohol-based sanitizer after every contact with the isolated person or immediate environment, before eating, and after using the toilet. There is a preference to wash with soap and water over sanitizer if the hands have visible dirt;
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces such as a bedside table, bed frame and other furniture in the quarantine room each day with standard household sanitizer (detergent or alcohol-based);
  • Store patient laundry in a dedicated bag in the patient's room until the time of washing. The laundry may be done with regular detergent;
  • Disposable products such as gloves, tissues, masks and other waste associated with the care of the isolated person must be disposed of in a dedicated bag in the patient's room and sealed tightly before being disposed of in an external garbage can;
  • Avoid the sharing of common objects that could transmit the virus with the isolated person, such as: toothbrush, cigarettes, dishes and utensils, towels, beddings, etc. You can wash dishes and utensils with water and dish soap; and
  • All other household members must wash hands frequently.

Provided the home quarantine conditions are maintained, household members can continue their normal activities. There are no movement restrictions on students who live with a quarantined person.

Work absence during the quarantine period shall be considered an absence from work due to illness, on condition that proof is submitted to certify the date of departure from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Thailand, Japan and South Korea. Click for a general statement of illness (Hebrew) in line with in line with the Public Health Decree 2020 (Novel Coronavirus 2019) (Home Quarantine)(Temporary Legislation)It is unnecessary to ask your general practitioner to issue a statement of illness for this absence.

As far as we know, companion animals such as a dog or a cat cannot be infected from humans and they cannot infect humans with the novel coronavirus. However, since other members of the corona family may infect animals, it is recommended that you take extreme caution and avoid interaction with pets if you have symptoms related to the coronavirus infection; if you cannot avoid contact with animals while you are sick, wear a facemask and wash your hands.

The effectiveness of a facemask in protecting from a coronavirus infection is limited. With extended use, it wears out and gets moist. There is no recommendation to routinely use a facemask to protection from respiratory illnesses, including the infection caused by the novel coronavirus, unless a healthcare professional recommends it. People who are showing symptoms or people suspected of a coronavirus infection or confirmed patients should wear a facemask (in order to avoid spreading the infection to others), as well as people who have contact or are taking care of suspected or confirmed patients (in order to protect themselves).    

The information currently available suggests that the coronavirus cannot be transmitted via packages or food, and there are no reports that the infection can spread this way.

As of now, no coronavirus infection has occurred in Israel! The Ministry of Health policy is meant to prevent its spread into Israel, and in case of infections - prevent local spread. This is why the Ministry of Health recommended to close all points of entry to foreign nationals who have been in mainland China, Macau, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Japan and South Korea in the past 14 days, and issued a Home Quarantine Decree for any person who entered Israel and visited these locations in the last 14 days.

The Ministry of Health keeps in touch with the World Health Organization and other Health Ministries across the world. It issues guidelines to the Healthcare System and the general public on how to prepare for the possible spread of the virus to Israel. The healthcare system can identify potential infections, isolate them, diagnose them, and treat them.

Any citizen or resident of Israel is permitted to enter Israel. In accordance with the Population and Immigration Authority guidance, and the Ministry of Health recommendations, non-citizens or non-residents from mainland China, South Korean (applicable to connecting flights in these locations), Macau, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, or Japan (not applicable to connecting flights) who left these places 14 days prior to arrival in Israel are denied entry to Israel by land, air and sea.

For medical questions about the disease or possible exposure, call Magen David Adom Hotline - dial 101.

For questions about home quarantine and general questions about the novel coronavirus, call the Ministry of Health Hotline *5400.


Symptoms of the Novel Coronavirus

Shortness of breath

Difficulty breathing

 

What are the symptoms of the infection caused by the novel coronavirus?

 

The symptoms of the infection caused by the novel coronavirus are similar to those of influenza: fever, cough, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.

In a regular medical examination, it is not possible to know whether it is a novel coronavirus infection or a different respiratory condition.

In severe cases, the infection might lead to acute pneumonia, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), renal failure and can be fatal.


Home Quarantine Violation (Hebrew)

 

            דיווח על הפרת צו בידוד בית

If you report a violation of the Home Quarantine Decree, include as much information as possible, fill out the contact information of the person who is violating the Decree; and if you know the date that person left the specified locations, fill it out, too.

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